A child's greeting in English recorded on the Voyager Golden Record. Select images on the Voyager Golden Record. A photo of Jupiter with its diameter indicated. This image depicts humans licking, eating, and drinking as modes of feeding. This is a photograph of the Arecibo observatory marked with an indication of scale.
Gold plating at the James G. Lee Record Processing center in Gardena, California left , and preparation for the record's packaging before the launch of Voyager 2 right. Astronomy portal Biology portal. The Atlantic. Retrieved 1 July Jet Propulsion Laboratory. January 25, Retrieved September 23, September 12, Retrieved April 15, Nations in Transitions: The Caucasian Republics.
The Smithsonian. Retrieved December 7, The New Yorker. Retrieved 15 November The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.
Bibcode : ASAJ New York: Random House. Murmurs of Earth. New York: Ballantine Books. Retrieved December 20, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved November 30, There are no formal rules against artists such as Pinhead Gunpowder referring to their own releases under thirty minutes as "albums".
If an album becomes too long to fit onto a single vinyl record or CD, it may be released as a double album where two vinyl LPs or compact discs are packaged together in a single case, or a triple album containing three LPs or compact discs. Recording artists who have an extensive back catalogue may re-release several CDs in one single box with a unified design, often containing one or more albums in this scenario, these releases can sometimes be referred to as a "two or three -fer" , or a compilation of previously unreleased recordings.
These are known as box sets. Some musical artists have also released more than three compact discs or LP records of new recordings at once, in the form of boxed sets, although in that case the work is still usually considered to be an album. Material music or sounds is stored on an album in sections termed tracks, normally 11 or 12 tracks. A music track often simply referred to as a track is an individual song or instrumental recording. The term is particularly associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks; the term is also used for other formats such as EPs and singles.
When vinyl records were the primary medium for audio recordings a track could be identified visually from the grooves and many album covers or sleeves included numbers for the tracks on each side. On a compact disc the track number is indexed so that a player can jump straight to the start of any track.
On digital music stores such as iTunes the term song is often used interchangeably with track regardless of whether there is any vocal content. A bonus track also known as a bonus cut or bonus is a piece of music which has been included as an extra.
This may be done as a marketing promotion, or for other reasons. It is not uncommon to include singles as bonus tracks on re-issues of old albums, where those tracks weren't originally included.
Online music stores allow buyers to create their own albums by selecting songs themselves; bonus tracks may be included if a customer buys a whole album rather than just one or two songs from the artist. The song is not necessarily free nor is it available as a stand-alone download, adding also to the incentive to buy the complete album.
In contrast to hidden tracks , bonus tracks are included on track listings and usually do not have a gap of silence between other album tracks. Bonus tracks on CD or vinyl albums are common in Japan for releases by European and North American artists; since importing international copies of the album can be cheaper than buying a domestically-released version, Japanese releases often feature bonus tracks to incentivize domestic purchase. Commercial sheet music are published in conjunction with the release of a new album studio, compilation, soundtrack, etc.
A matching folio songbook is a compilation of the music notation of all the songs included in that particular album. It typically has the album's artwork on its cover and, in addition to sheet music, it includes photos of the artist.
Vinyl LP records have two sides, each comprising one-half of the album. If a pop or rock album contained tracks released separately as commercial singles , they were conventionally placed in particular positions on the album. Today, many commercial albums of music tracks feature one or more singles, which are released separately to radio, TV or the Internet as a way of promoting the album.
Double albums during the Seventies were sometimes sequenced for record changers. In the case of a two-record set, for example, sides 1 and 4 would be stamped on one record, and sides 2 and 3 on the other. The user would stack the two records onto the spindle of an automatic record changer, with side 1 on the bottom and side 2 on the other record on top.
A matrix or stamper number is a code etched inside the end-groove area found on each side of a vinyl LP. Though these numbers were originally intended for internal use by a record pressing plant, you can use them to find out information about the particular edition of a record. For instance, a matrix number can identify a first pressing of an LP.
First name. Last name. Vinyl Exclusives Shop our collection of classic albums available on color vinyl! Bob Marley Collection Love. Add to Bag. Log In Username or Email: Forgot your username? Password: Forgot your password? Register New customers, create your Amoeba.
Its quick and easy! Don't want to register? Feel free to make a purchase as a guest! Checkout as Guest. Catalog numbers are generally a combination of numbers and letters, although not always. Each record company has its own unique numbering system, so the styling of catalog numbers will vary from one label to another. Typically, any letters will be a part of the record label's name, and the numbers will identify the order that particular record was released in succession by the record company.
Catalog numbers may vary by country as well, depending on the issuing label in that nation. Much information can be gleaned from an album's catalog number, such as the country of origin, issuing label and whether it is a 33, 45 or 78 rpm.
Its tough to find vintage vinyl recordings with this grade. Excellent or very good (E or VG) - This means that the LP is playable and in great shape, but it also means that the album cover, sleeve, and any other insert or memorabilia is intact, and also in good shape. Good (G) - This LP is in good shape. It may have a scratch or two, but it.